This is one of the great periods of Dakhleh history and the
Dakhleh Oasis Project is excavating at three major settlement
Mut el-Kharab and Ismant
During this period the Oasis contributed cereals, oil and
wine to the great Roman trading empire. Domestic, religious
and funerary art incorporates both Egyptian and Roman motifs
and a large number of texts are written in Greek. Coptic and
Syriac texts indicate frequent links with the external world.
Many temples were established at this time, including at
least seven in stone. A score of mudbrick temples were also
built; they are at present largely unexcavated.
With all these settlements there are cemeteries which provide
material from which physical anthropologists may obtain information
about the history of diseases, ancient nutrition, population
statistics, and many other details.